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Citing Sources and Using Style Guides: GSA (Geosciences)

Geological Society of America

The Geological Society of America is one of the primary professional organizations for geoscience researchers. The organization publishers books and journals and hosts regional and national conferences. Abstracts from these conferences are available on the GSA website and via GeoRef.

GSA Citation Style Resources

GSA Citation Style Tips

Journal Articles

The most common items cited in geoscience research are journal articles. GSA citation style does not distinguish between print or online journal articles, but a DOI should be included if available. See the style guides above for information on citing books, abstracts and other information formats.

Basic format:

Author, A.A., Author, B.B., and Author, C.C., Year, Title of article: Titile of Journal, v. #, p. ##-##, doi: 10.####/####

Examples:

Kominz, M.A., Browning, J.V., Miller, K.G., Sugarman, P.J., Mizintseva, S., and Scotese, C.R., 2008, Late Cretaceous to Miocene sea-level estimates from the New Jersey and Delaware coastal plain coreholes: An error analysis: Basin Research, v. 20, p. 211–226, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2117.2008.00354.x.

Doglioni, C., 1994, Foredeeps versus subduction zones: Geology, v. 22, p. 271–274.

Leigh, D.S., 1994, Roxana silt of the Upper Mississippi Valley: Lithology, source, and paleoenvironment: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 106, p. 430–442.

Walter, L.M., Bischof, S.A., Patterson, W.P., and Lyons, T.L., 1993, Dissolution and recrystallization in modern shelf carbonates: Evidence from pore water and solid phase chemistry: Royal Society of London Philosophical Transactions, ser. A, v. 344, p. 27–36. 

General Tips

  • All author names are listed in the same order as they appear on the article
  • Use first and middle initials for authors with periods
  • Only the first word, the first word after a colon, and proper nouns are capitalized in the article title (sentence case)
  • The journal titles are not italisized or underlined