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SUNY Geneseo Fraser Hall Library Subject Guides

Accounting and Auditing: Financial Info and Ratios

Financial Information and Ratios

  • Annual Reports for publicly held corporations are generally available from each company's web site. Look under Investor Relations or Financial Information. In addition to financial information, annual reports contain discussion of the company's present situation and future plans. Remember that this view of the company may be biased as it is reported by the company.
  • Financial Ratios derived from a company's balance sheet and income statement can be used to assess a firm's strengths and weaknesses by comparison with competing firms of varying sizes.
    A.  Industry Norms and Key Business Ratios
    ref HF 5681 .R25 .I525 2007/08)
    Dun and Bradstreet.

    Covers over 800 lines of business, arranged by SIC code. Presents "typical" balance sheets and income statements for the industry and 14 key ratios for the median, upper, and lower quartiles.

    B.   MSN Money - Key Ratios
    MSN Money provides company and industry ratios; search by company name or ticker symbol. Ratio information based on Stock data provided by Media General Financial Services.

    C.  RMA Annual Statement Studies
    ref HF 5681 .B2 .R6, and available via D&B Hoovers (linked below)

    Robert Morris Associates provides data for 370 industry groups presented by size of firm in assets and in sales. 

  • SEC Documents, including 10-K, 10-Q, and Proxy Statements, are frequently available from the company's web site. These documents contain SEC prescribed information and generally are audited reports. Using the SEC's EDGAR database (linked below) you can access and download reports for free.