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SUNY Geneseo Fraser Hall Library Subject Guides


HIST 302 Environmental History in the Modern US -- Professor Kleiman: Ideas for your Research Paper Topic

Pollution

Pollution:

  • Hazardous waste (EPA)
  • Recycling
  • Pesticides
  • Nuclear waste disposal (DOE)
  • Oil spills (Santa Barbara, 1969; Exxon Valdez, 1989)
  • Ozone depletion (EPA)
  • Fuel efficiency standards (cars)
  • Automobile and environment (cars vs. wilderness/parks, cars and suburban sprawl)
  • Asbestos (EPA)
  • Lead poisoning/tetraethyl lead (EPA, NIH)
  • Love Canal case (EPA, NYS)
  • Eastman Kodak case (EPA, NYS)
  • Agent Orange (DOD)

Technological Disasters

Technological Disasters:

  • Oil Spills (Santa Barbara, 1969; Exxon Valdez, 1989)
  • Love Canal case (EPA, NYS)
  • Three Mile Island, (1978)
  • Ozone depletion and Climate Change (EPA)
  • Deforestation
  • Strip Mining (EPA, Bureau of Mines)
  • Dam Breaks

Pollution and Land Use Issues

Population and Land-Use Issues:

  • Population control
  • Suburban sprawl/land-use planning (EPA)
  • Automobile and environment (cars vs. wilderness/parks, cars and suburban sprawl)
  • Conservation Land Trusts and Community Land Trusts
  • Resource depletion
  • Factory farming/industrial agriculture (USDA, EPA, FDA)
  • Sustainable agriculture (USDA, LISA/SARE program)
  • Space Colonization (NASA)
  • self sufficiency, technology, and the environment (Borsodi, 1960's back-to-the-land movement)

Sustainable versus Industrial Agriculture

Sustainable versus Industrial Agriculture:

  • Sustainable agriculture (USDA, LISA/SARE program, non-profit organizations)
  • Community Supported Agriculture
  • Organic standards/labeling
  • Agricultural biotechnology: genetic diversity; genetic drift; human health (USDA, EPA, FDA)
  • Technology assessment (Congressional Office of Technology Assessment)
  • Amish and technology
  • Appropriate technology movement
  • self sufficiency, technology, and the environment (Borsodi, 1960's back-to-the-land movement)
  • Pollution (EPA)
  • Resource depletion
  • Pesticides
  • Factory farming/industrial agriculture (USDA, EPA, FDA)
  • River dams and irrigation projects (Bureau of Reclamation, Army Corps of Engineers)
  • Economic growth debate

Early Conservationists/Preservationists

Early Conservationists/Preservationists:

  • John Wesley Powell
  • George Perkins Marsh
  • John Burroughs
  • Frederic Law Olmsted
  • John Muir
  • Gifford Pinchot
  • Theodore Roosevelt
  • Bob Marshall
  • Aldo Leopold
  • Lewis Mumford

Politicians/Civil Servants (Pro- and Anti-Environmental Protection)

Politicians/Civil Servants
(Pro- and Anti-Environmental Protection):

  • Theodore Roosevelt
  • Lyndon Johnson
  • Jimmy Carter
  • Al Gore
  • Ralph Nader
  • John F. Kennedy, Jr.
  • Bernie Sanders
  • Nelson Rockefeller
  • Harold Ickes
  • Rexford Tugwell
  • Floyd Dominy
  • Earl Butz
  • Jamie Whitten
  • Richard Nixon

Resource Depletion

Resource Depletion:

  • Factory farming/industrial agriculture (USDA, EPA, FDA)
  • Oil dependency
  • Ozone depletion (EPA)
  • Fuel efficiency standards (cars)
  • Mining and environmental degradation (EPA, Bureau of Mines)
  • Sustainable agriculture (USDA, LISA/SARE program)
  • Space colonization (NASA)
  • Appropriate technology movement
  • self sufficiency, technology, and the environment (Borsodi, 1960's back-to-the-land movement)

"Natural" Disasters

"Natural" Disasters:

  • Forest fire policy: suppression, controlled burns, etc. (FEMA)
  • Earthquakes (FEMA)
  • Floods (FEMA)
  • Landslides (FEMA)

Biotechnology

Biotechnology:

  • Agricultural biotechnology: genetic diversity; genetic drift; patent issues; human health (USDA, EPA, FDA)
  • Green Revolution (Rockefeller Foundation, Norman Borlaug)
  • Perennial Polyculture (Land Institute)
  • Factory farming/industrial agriculture (USDA, EPA, FDA)
  • Organic standards/labeling
  • Sustainable agriculture (USDA, LISA/SARE program)

Appropriate Technology

Appropriate Technology:

  • Appropriate Technology Movement (NCAT, ATTRA, non-profit organizations, private enterprises)
  • Renewable Energy (wind, solar, biomass, geothermal, hydrogen, etc.)
  • Ecological Design
  • Sustainable agriculture (USDA, LISA/SARE program)
  • Technology assessment (Congressional Office of Technology Assessment)
  • The New Urbanism/land-use planning (EPA)
  • Economic growth debate
  • Organic standards/labelling
  • Amish and technology
  • self sufficiency, technology, and the environment (Borsodi, 1960's back-to-the-land movement)

Governmental Policy

Governmental Policy:

  • Climate Change
  • Acid Rain
  • Land-Use Planning
  • Environmental Impact Statements
  • Fuel efficiency standards (cars)
  • Technology assessment (Congressional Office of Technology Assessment)
  • Forest fire policy: suppression, controlled burns, etc. (FEMA)
  • Sagebrush Rebellion
  • Love Canal case (EPA, NYS)
  • Three Mile Island, 1978)
  • Storm King case, 1965 (Sierra club, NYS, Consolidated Edison Corp.)
  • Eastman Kodak case (EPA, NYS)
  • Agent Orange (DOD)
  • Exxon Valdez oil spill, 1989
  • Santa barbara oil spill, 1969

Recent Conservationists/Preservationists

More Recent Conservationists/Preservationists:

  • Rachel Carson
  • Edward Abbey
  • Dave Foreman
  • David Brower
  • Julia Butterfly Hill
  • Lois Gibbs
  • Gary Snyder
  • Wallace Stegner
  • Paul Ehrlich
  • Ralph Nader
  • Barry Commoner
  • Ernest Callenbach
  • Paul Hawken
  • David Orr
  • Helga and Bill Olkowski
  • Kirkpatrick Sale
  • Paul Goodman
  • John Schaeffer
  • Buckminster Fuller
  • Dennis and Donella Meadows

Agriculture (Sustainable and Industrial)

Agriculture (Sustainable and Industrial):

  • Hugh Bennett
  • Paul Sears
  • Walter R. Goldschmidt
  • Wendell Berry
  • Wes Jackson
  • Marty Strange
  • Jim Hightower
  • Elizabeth Henderson
  • J.I. and Robert Rodale
  • Norman Borlaug
  • Henry Wallace
  • Earl Butz
  • Jamie Whitten