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Milne Library SUNY Geneseo Subject Guides

INTD 203 : Home

Social Foundations of American Education


Welcome to the library guide for INTD 203: Social Foundations of American Education. This guide will provide you with resources to complete your High School Project and other Assignments.

What are Primary Sources?

Primary Source*:
"An original source, such as a speech, a diary, a novel, a legislative bill, a laboratory study, a field research report, or an eyewitness account. While not necessarily more reliable than a secondary source, a primary source has the advantage of being closely related to the information it conveys and as such is often considered essential for research, particularly in history. In the sciences, reports of new research written by the scientists who conducted it are considered primary sources."

Some examples of search terms to find primary sources:

  • sources
  • personal narratives
  • documents
  • correspondence
  • speeches
  • memoirs
  • interviews
  • diaries
  • images
  • data
  • maps
  • government documents
  • court cases
  • autobiography

Additional Information:

How to access hard to find material and content

You may run into items or content that is not accessible online (e.g. yearbooks, statistics, newsletters). In addition this material may not be archived in catalogs or databases. The best way to get your hands on this content is by physically visiting locations that collect archival materials. The following is a list of locations, and the best person to contact at these locations:

  • Local High School - contact your HS librarian
  • Local Library - meet with the special collections librarian or archivist
  • County/Town Historical Society or Museum - curator or archivist
  • Local College (specifically the local history collection) - talk with the special collections librarian
  • Perform a web search for school alumni sites - contact web site creator
  • Search Facebook or Twitter for school pages or groups - group or page owner

School Data sites

Oral History Definition and Guidelines/Examples

"Oral history refers both to a method of recording and preserving oral testimony and to the product of that process. It begins with an audio or video recording of a first person account made by an interviewer with an interviewee (also referred to as narrator), both of whom have the conscious intention of creating a permanent record to contribute to an understanding of the past. A verbal document, the oral history, results from this process and is preserved and made available in different forms to other users, researchers, and the public. A critical approach to the oral testimony and interpretations are necessary in the use of oral history" (Oral History Association, 2009).

Links to some helpful websites on creating oral histories

Oral History Interviews

Oral History Association

The Smithsonian Folklife and Oral History Interviewing Guide

Step-by-Step Guide to Oral History

Links to oral history examples

College Student Recalls High School Homelessness

“I remember a private swim club...”

Oral History Association. (2009). Principles for Oral History and Best Practices for Oral History. Retrieved October 8, 2012 from

Subject Guide

Becky Leathersich's picture
Becky Leathersich

Organizational Tools

A few online tools that may help you organize the various content you collect for projects and assignments.

Online Yearbooks and Alumni SItes