Anthropology instructors will often require papers to be written using either SAA guidelines in most archeology courses or in Chicago Author-Date guidelines for culturally-focused anthropology courses.
As of September 2015, the American Anthropological Association no longer endorses the use of AAA style. It has been replaced with the more standardized Chicago Manual of Style Author-Date System.
The American Anthropological Association uses the Chicago Manual of Style Author-Date format for its citations. It will be common for your Anthropology professor to ask you to format your references in CMS Author-Date. Note: CMS Author-Date is different than CMS Footnotes/Endnotes.